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Tuberculous Arthritis - Cause - Diagnosis - Symptoms - Treatment

Information on the cause, diagnosis, symptoms and treatment of tuberculous arthritis, which is also known as granulomatous arthritis, and Ponchet's disease. Tuberculous arthritis is a type of infectious arthritis (septic arthritis) caused by tuberculosis. Tuberculosis involving the spine is sometimes called Pott's disease.
  1. A - Z: Types of Arthritis
  2. Infectious Arthritis

Tuberculous arthritis
Tuberculous arthritis is an infection of the joints caused by tuberculosis. The joints most frequently involved are the spine, hips, knees, wrists, and ankles. Most cases involve just one joint. Tuberculosis involving the spine is often referred to as Pott's disease. The hunchback of Notre Dame had a gibbous deformity (humpback) thought to have been caused by tuberculosis.

Pulmonary tuberculosis
Pulmonary tuberculosis is acontagious bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB). The lungs are primarily involved, but the infection can spread to other organs.

Disseminated tuberculosis
Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is "disseminated" if it has spread from the lungs to other organs of the body by the blood or lymph system.

Tuberculosis of the lungs (Image)
Tuberculosis is a contagious bacterial disease that primarily involves the lungs. Tuberculosis may develop after inhaling infected droplets sprayed into the air from a cough or sneeze of someone infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Miliary tuberculosis (Image)
Miliary tuberculosis is characterized by a chronic, contagious bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that has spread to other organs of the body by the blood or lymph system.

Tuberculosis in the kidney (Photo-Image)
Kidneys can be damaged by tuberculosis. Tuberculosis generally affects the lungs, but may cause infection in many other organs in the body.

Tuberculosis in the lung (Photo-Image)
Tuberculosis is caused by a group of organisms Mycobacterium tuberculosis, M. bovis, M. africanum and a few other rarer subtypes. Tuberculosis usually appears as a lung (pulmonary) infection. However, it may infect other organs in the body. Recently, antibiotic-resistant strains of tuberculosis have appeared.

Bacterial arthritis / Septic arthritis
Septic arthritis is an inflammation of a joint caused by bacterial invasion (but not the bacterium that causes gonorrhea).

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