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Guide to Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD)


Updated May 30, 2014

4 of 10

Part 4 of 10 - What Are the Signs and Symptoms of TMD?

Signs and Symptoms of TMD

A variety of symptoms may be linked to TMD. Pain, particularly in the chewing muscles and/or jaw joint, is the most common symptom. Other likely symptoms include:

  • limited movement or locking of the jaw.
  • radiating pain in the face, neck or shoulders.
  • painful clicking, popping or grating sounds in the jaw joint when opening or closing the mouth.
  • a sudden, major change in the way the upper and lower teeth fit together.

Other Symptoms Related to TMD

Other may sometimes be related to TMD, such as:

  • headaches
  • earaches
  • dizziness
  • hearing problems

It is important to keep in mind, however, that occasional discomfort in the jaw joint or chewing muscles is quite common and is generally not a cause for concern.

Secondary Headaches

According to A.D.A.M. "Temporomandibular joint, or TMJ, dysfunction, can be a cause of secondary headache. Secondary headaches result from underlying disorders which produce pain as a symptom."

According to patient advocate and author Teri Robert, "sometimes, a headache is just that - a headache. Other times, a headache can be a symptom of another condition. In addition, there are different kinds of head pain, and treatments vary depending on the diagnosis. For these reasons, timely and accurate diagnosis is important."


According to Richard N. Fogoros M.D., "Jaw pain is a fairly common manifestation of angina." "Unexplained episodic jaw pain should be evaluated by a physician"

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