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Spine Pain - Causes - Symptoms - Diagnosis - Treatment - Pain Relief

Information on spine pain, arthritis, conditions, causes, diagnosis, symptoms, pain relief, prevention, surgery and treatment options. Strong yet flexible, the spine is a complex structure. The bones, muscles, ligaments, and nerves of the spine are all capable of producing back pain or neck pain. Prevention and proper treatment are important factors in controlling spine pain.
  1. A - Z: Joint Pain
  2. A - Z: Natural Therapies
  3. A - Z: Pain Relief
  4. A - Z: Sports Injury
  5. A - Z: Surgery
  6. A - Z: Treatments
  7. Ankylosing Spondylitis
  8. Back Pain
  9. Joint Protection
  10. Neck Pain
  11. Osteoporosis
  12. Spinal Stenosis

Low Back Pain - Guide to Low Back Pain
If you have low back pain, you are not alone. Nearly everyone at some point has low back pain that interferes with work, routine daily activities, or recreation.

The Back Pain Quiz
Back pain is a very common condition. Four out of 5 people will actually experience low back pain sometime in their life. How much do you know about back pain? Do you know how it's treated? Do you know if you can prevent it? Take The Back Pain Quiz.

What Is Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD)?
Degenerative disc disease is a painful condition. Learn more about the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

Back Supports
Back supports help relieve pain and provide stability for your spine and back muscles.

What Is the Spine?
A brief explanation of spine anatomy and how it relates to pain.

An In-Depth Report: Scoliosis (Abnormal Curvature of the Spine)
An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of scoliosis.

An In-Depth Report: Back Pain
An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of back pain.

Osteoarthritis Screening Quiz
Osteoarthritis is also known as "wear-and-tear" arthritis. It is typically seen as a primary disease in older people but can occur as a secondary condition in younger people. Injury, occupation, excess weight, and genetics are among the factors which cause the cartilage of a joint to wear away. Take our Osteoarthritis Screening Quiz.

What Are Osteophytes (Bone Spurs)?
Bony protrusions that develop in arthritic joints are called osteophytes or bone spurs. X-rays may detect them on the spine.

The Pain Relief Quiz
How much do you know about relieving pain? Pain serves as the signal that something is wrong in the body. There are many pain relieving techniques which can be tried. Do you know about the various pain treatment options? Take the Pain Relief Quiz.

The Pain Quiz - Acute vs. Chronic Pain
There's more to know about pain than the fact that it hurts. Do you know the difference between acute and chronic pain? Do men and women respond to pain differently? How many older people take a painkiller on a regular basis? What is R.I.C.E.? Are there any non-drug pain relievers? How much do you know about pain?

Diskitis / Disk Inflammation
Diskitis is an inflammation, irritation, and swelling of the intervertebral disk space (the space between the bones of the spine).

Compression fractures of the back
In a compression fracture of the vertebrae, the bone tissue of the vertebral body collapses. More than one vertebra may be affected. This condition may be caused by osteoporosis (the most common cause), tumor, or trauma to the back. (Illustrated)

Compression spinal fracture (Image)
A compression fracture is a break in the vertebral body of the bone often due to the loss of bony mass that occurs in osteoporosis. As the bones of the vertebral column and back weaken and become thin, very little force is needed to cause a compression fracture. These breaks can be painful and depending upon the severity they can require a range of treatment from home care to surgery.

Spinal - Neck injury
Your spinal cord contains the nerves that carry messages between your brain and body. The cord passes through your neck and back. A spinal cord injury is very serious because it can cause paralysis below the site of the injury.

The Skeletal Spine
The spine is divided into several sections. The cervical vertebrae make up the neck. The thoracic vertebrae comprise the chest section and have ribs attached. The lumbar vertebrae are the remaining vertebrae below the last thoracic bone and the top of the sacrum.

Vertebroplasty - Series
The spine is made up of bones (vertebrae) separated by soft cushions (intervertebral discs).

Lumbar Vertebrae
There are five lumbar vertebrae located in the lower back. These vertebrae receive the most stress and are the weight-bearing portion of the back. The lumbar vertebrae allow movements such as flexion and extension, and some lateral flexion.

Herniated Nucleus Pulposus (Slipped Disk)
Herniated nucleus pulposus, or slipped disk, is a condition in which part or all of the soft, gelatinous central portion of an intervertebral disk (the nucleus pulposus) is forced through a weakened part of the disk. This results in back pain and leg pain (lumbar herniation) or neck pain and arm pain (cervical herniation) due to nerve root irritation.

Herniated Disk Repair
The mainstay of treatment for herniated disks is an initial period of rest with pain and anti-inflammatory medications followed by physical therapy. If pain and symptoms persist, surgery to remove the herniated portion of the intervertebral disk is recommended.

Spinal cord trauma
Spinal cord trauma can be caused by any number of injuries to the spine that can result from motor vehicle accidents, falls, sports injuries, industrial accidents, gunshot wounds, assault, and others. A seemingly minor injury can cause spinal cord trauma if the spine is weakened (such as from rheumatoid arthritis or osteoporosis).

Spondylolithesis
Spondylolithesis is forward slippage of a lumbar (lower back) vertebra on the vertebra below it.

Herniated nucleus pulposis
Herniated nucleus pulposis is a condition in which part or all of the soft, gelatinous central portion of an intervertebral disk is forced through a weakened part of the disk, resulting in back pain and nerve root irritation.

Spinal stenosis
Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the lumbar (back) or cervical (neck) spinal canal, which causes compression of the nerve roots.

Spinal stenosis (Image)
Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the lumbar or cervical spinal canal. The narrowing can cause compression on nerve roots resulting in pain or weakness of the legs. Medications or steroid injections are often administered to reduce inflammation. If the pain is persistent and does not respond to these conservative measures, surgery is considered to relieve the pressure on the nerves

Spinal stenosis - spinal canal (Image)
Spinal stenosis is narrowing of the spinal canal. This can develop as you age from drying out and shrinking of the disk spaces. (80% of the disks are made up of water) If this happens, even a minor injury can cause inflammation of the disk and put pressure on the nerve. You can feel pain anywhere along your back or legs.

Scoliosis
Scoliosis is a lateral (away from the middle) or sideways curvature of the spine.

Kyphosis - Roundback - Hunchback
Kyphosis is a curving of the spine that causes a bowing of the back, which leads to a hunchback or slouching posture. In adults, kyphosis can be a result of osteoporotic compression fractures (fractures caused by osteoporosis), degenerative disease (such as arthritis), or spondylolisthesis (slipping of one vertebra forward on another).

Tailbone Trauma - Coccyx injury
Tailbone trauma is an injury to the small bone at the lower tip of the spine. Actual fractures of the tailbone (coccyx) are infrequent. Tailbone trauma usually involves bruising of the bone or pulling of the ligaments. Backward falls onto a hard surface, such as a slippery floor or ice, are the most common cause of this injury.

The Significance of Spinal Curves
Maintaining spinal curves is essential to injury prevention.

Kyphoplasty Vs. Vertebroplasty
Kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty are members of the same family. Both treat fractures of the spine due to weakness of the vertebral bones. What is the difference between a kyphoplasty and a vertebroplasty?

All About Back and Neck Pain
All about the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar regions of the spine, from DePuy Spine.

Spine Index
Conditions of the spine, from Wheeless Textbook of Orthopedics.

Patients Guide to Degenerative Diseases of Cervical Spine
The cervical spine consists of the top 7 vertebrae of the spine. Doctors often refer to these vertebrae as C1 - C7, with the "C" indicating cervical, and the numbers 1-7 indicating the level of the vertebrae. C1 is closest to the skull, while C7 is closest to the thoracic (chest/rib cage) region of the spine. The cervical spine is particularly susceptible to degenerative problems.

Spinal Stenosis
Definition and treatment for spinal stenosis, from drdoc.

Spine-health.com
In-depth information to help patients understand, prevent and seek appropriate treatment for back pain and neck pain, written and reviewed by leading spine physicians, from Spine-health.com.

Facet Joint Syndrome
Facet Joint Syndrome is a common cause of pain related to the spine. The facet joints are the articulations or connections between the vertebraes in the spine, from SpineUniverse.com

Flank pain
Flank pain refers to pain in the side of the trunk between the right or left upper abdomen and the back.

About Chiropractors / Chiropractic - Guide to Chiropractors and Chiropractic...
A three-part guide to chiropractors and chiropractic care. Chiropractic is a form of health care that focuses on the relationship between the body's structure, primarily of the spine, and function. Doctors of chiropractic, who are also called chiropractors or chiropractic physicians, use a type of hands-on therapy called manipulation (or...

Facts About Facet Arthropathy
Facet arthropathy is caused by arthritis in the facet joints.

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