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Inflammatory Bowel Disease - Cause - Diagnosis - Symptoms - Treatment

Information on the cause, diagnosis, symptoms and treatment of (IBD) Inflammatory Bowel Disease. IBD is a general term that covers two distinct disorders: Ulcerative Colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). However, some evidence suggests they are part of a biologic continuum. Arthritis (the spine is commonly affected) and osteoporosis are common extraintestinal complications of IBD.
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Ulcerative Colitis
Ulcerative colitis is a disease that causes inflammation and sores, called ulcers, in the top layers of the lining of the large intestine.

Crohn's Disease
Crohn's Disease is a form of Inflammatory Bowel Disease that can affect any part of the digestive system from mouth to anus.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder of the intestines that leads to crampy pain, gassiness, bloating, and changes in bowel habits.

An In-Depth Report: Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), which is also known as Crohn's Disease, and ulcerative colitis.

Crohn's disease
Crohn's disease is a chronic autoimmune disease that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract but most commonly occurs in the ileum (the area where the small and large intestine meet). In Crohn's disease, the immune system attacks the gastrointestinal system.

Ulcerative colitis
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic, episodic, inflammatory disease of the large intestine and rectum characterized by bloody diarrhea.

Irritable bowel syndrome (functional bowel)
Irritable bowel syndrome includes a group of gastrointestinal symptoms for which a cause is not known. The symptoms are often worsened by emotional stress. Irritable bowel syndrome is extremely common, but only a small proportion of people seek treatment.

Toxic megacolon
Toxic megacolon is a life-threatening complication of other intestinal conditions. It is characterized by a very inflated colon, abdominal distention, and sometimes fever, abdominal pain, or shock. This is a complication of inflammatory bowel disease, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohns disease, and some infections of the colon.

Inflammatory bowel disease (Image)
Crohn's disease, also called regional enteritis, is a chronic inflammation of the intestines which is usually confined to the terminal portion of the small intestine, the ileum. Ulcerative colitis is a similar inflammation of the colon, or large intestine. These and other IBDs (inflammatory bowel diseases) have been linked with an increased risk of colorectal cancer.

Toxic megacolon (Image)
Toxic megacolon is characterized by extreme inflammation and distention of the colon. Common symptoms are pain, distention of the abdomen, fever, rapid heart rate, and dehydration. This is a life-threatening complication that requires immediate medical treatment.

Crohn's disease, X-ray
This lower abdominal X-ray shows narrowing (stenosis) of the end of the small intestine (ileum), caused by Crohn's disease. Crohn's disease typically affects the small intestine, whereas ulcerative colitis typically affects the large intestine. A solution containing a dye (barium), was swallowed by the patient. When it passed into the small intestines, this X-ray was taken (lower GI series).

Digestive system organs (Image)
The digestive system organs in the abdominal cavity include the liver, gallbladder, stomach, small intestine and large intestine.

Crohn's disease - affected areas (Image)
The inflammation of Crohn's disease is nearly always found in the ileocecal region. The ileocecal region consists of the last few inches of the small intestine (the ileum), which moves digesting food to the beginning portion of the large intestine (the cecum). However, Crohn's disease can occur anywhere along the digestive tract.

What are Anorectal fistulas?
Crohn's disease is an inflammation of the intestines caused by immune response to an infection. The lining of the intestine may ulcerate and form channels of infection, called fistulas. Fistulas tunnel from the area of ulceration, creating a hole which may continue until it reaches the surface of the organ, or the surface of nearby skin.

Clubbing (Image)
Clubbing may result from chronic low blood-oxygen levels. This can be seen with several diseases. The tips of the fingers enlarge and the nails become extremely curved from front to back.

Ulcerative colitis (Image)
Ulcerative colitis is categorized according to location.

Digestive system (Image)
The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

Arthritis and Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
Arthritis is a common complication, affecting an estimated 25% of IBD patients.

FAQ: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disorder of the colon that causes crampy abdominal pain, bloating, constipation and/or diarrhea. IBS is classified as a functional gastrointestinal disorder because no structural or biochemical cause to explain the symptoms. IBS is often misdiagnosed as colitis, mucous colitis, spastic colon, irritable bowel disease or spastic bowel.

FAQ: Crohn's Disease (CD)
Crohn’s disease (CD) is a chronic disease that can cause inflammation anywhere along the digestive tract from the mouth to the anus. Unlike ulcerative colitis (UC), which only affects the inner layer, CD commonly involves all layers of the intestinal wall. CD and UC are collectively called Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

FAQ: Ulcerative Colitis (UC)
UC is a chronic disease that causes inflammation in the rectum, colon (large intestine), and infrequently the last part of the small intestine (ileum). The inflammation affects the inner lining of the colon, causing small sores, or ulcers. UC, along with a similar condition known as Crohn's disease, are collectively called Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

10 Things You Should Know About Ulcerative Colitis
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a condition that is still stumping the very best doctors in the world. How are those who are living with this disease and their caregivers to know what is important?

What is a Normal Bowel Movement?
What is a Normal Bowel Movement? Most of us try not to think about our bowel movements, so it's no surprise that many people do not know what constitutes a "normal" bowel movement. The fact is that there is no one definition of a normal bowel movement.

Unusual Stool Color or Change in Bowel Habits
When should you worry about the color of your stool? Most have experienced infrequent bouts of diarrhea, constipation or a strange discoloration of their stool. Changes in the color, consistency, and frequency of bowel movements is known as a "change in bowel habits." In some cases, an unusual stool color is harmless and can be attributed to a particular food or medication - but not always.

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