As people age, bone strength and muscle elasticity and tone tend to decrease. The discs begin to lose fluid and flexibility, which decreases their ability to cushion the vertebrae.
Injury & Trauma
If the spine becomes overly strained or compressed, a disc may rupture or bulge outward. This rupture may put pressure on one of the more than 50 nerves rooted to the spinal cord that control body movements and transmit signals from the body to the brain. When these nerve roots become compressed or irritated, back pain results.
Low back pain may also reflect:
Most low back pain follows injury or trauma to the back, but pain may also be caused by:
- osteoporosis or other bone diseases
- viral infections
- irritation to joints and discs
- congenital abnormalities in the spine
- scar tissue
Other factors that contribute to low back pain include:
Low back pain may also indicate a more serious medical problem. People with back pain along with fever, loss of bowel or bladder control, pain when coughing, progressive weakness or pain radiating into the legs should contact a doctor immediately to help prevent permanent damage.